Clinical Laboratory Scientists


Clinical laboratory scientists perform procedures on medical specimens using the latest biomedical techniques and instrumentation.  They require excellent technical skills as well as analysis, computer and communication skills. 

Some of the responsibilities of Clinical Laboratory Scientists include:

  • Analyzing blood and body fluids for diverse proteins, sugars, enzymes, lipids, hormones and drugs
  • Detecting and identify disease causing bacteria and determining the best antibiotics to use for treatment
  • Testing donated blood to ensure it is safe for transfusion
  • Analyzing plasma for causes of abnormal clotting or bleeding disorders 
  • Examining blood for abnormal cells found in anemia and leukemia
  • Using immunological techniques to identify antibodies to Strep and Lyme disease
  • Monitoring therapy with anticoagulants and other drugs to minimize their harmful effects

In addition, Clinical Laboratory Scientists also:

  • Perform molecular tests on DNA and RNA of pathogens for their identification and drug resistance genes
  • Perform testing on DNA, RNA or chromosomes to help identify genetic causes of disease
  • Design and monitor quality systems in the laboratory to ensure accurate results
  • Assume managerial and leadership roles in the laboratory arena

The information that
Clinical Laboratory Scientists provide to physicians is essential for diagnosis and treatment of conditions such as diabetes, kidney disease, food poisoning, heart attacks, drug overdoses, and many other diseases.

Educational Requirements:


Employment Opportunities and Salaries:




According to a survey conducted by the American Society for Clinical Pathology in 2014:


”Factors such as retirement and the improving economy are driving the need for more laboratory professionals.  Recruitment of qualified laboratory professionals in the workforce and students in laboratory programs will be the key in fulfilling the higher vacancies revealed from the survey results in 2014.”  


Source:  Am J Clin Pathol September 2015;144:432-443. 


Starting salaries

Salary information by region may be obtained at .

For information on Clinical Laboratory Science Programs, visit our NJ Clinical Laboratory Educational Programs page

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